Royal Bank was a private commercial bank established as ÖZ BANK on 2 August 1993. The bank provided financial services for individual customers, small- and mid-size businesses. The last supervisory board took the control over the bank in 2004 and initiated a program on restructuring the financial and control systems.
Royal Bank was included into the Baku Stock Exchange in 2006. It had 32 regional branches including the branches in Baku.
On 12 July 2012, Central Bank of Azerbaijan cancelled the license of Royal Bank due to the unfulfilled liabilities and the written notifications of the Central Bank. On 2 August 2012, the Administrative Economic Court in Baku announced that Royal Bank went bankrupt.
Capital markets are financial markets for the buying and selling of long-term debt or equity-backed securities. These markets channel the wealth of savers to those who can put it to long-term productive use, such as companies or governments making long-term investments. Capital markets are defined as markets in which money is provided for periods longer than a year.
Financial regulators, such as the UK's Bank of England (BoE) or the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), oversee the capital markets in their jurisdictions to protect investors against fraud, among other duties.
Modern capital markets are almost invariably hosted on computer-based electronic trading systems; most can be accessed only by entities within the financial sector or the treasury departments of governments and corporations, but some can be accessed directly by the public. There are many thousands of such systems, most serving only small parts of the overall capital markets. Entities hosting the systems include stock exchanges, investment banks, and government departments. Physically the systems are hosted all over the world, though they tend to be concentrated in financial centres like London, New York, and Hong Kong.